Russia-ESA Lunar Exploration Cooperation: Luna Mission Speed Dating
17 February 2014
Through a developing cooperation between ESA and Roscosmos in the area of lunar exploration an opportunity has arisen for European scientific investigators to participate in the Russian led missions Luna-25 (Luna-Glob lander), 26 (luna-Resurs orbiter) and 27 (Luna-Resurs lander).
On 17th February 2014 an event will be held at ESA ESTEC at which European investigators, with an interest in participating in these missions, will have the opportunity to meet and discuss opportunities for involvement with selected experiment teams and the Space Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Science (IKI), who are providing scientific leadership of the programme.
Luna-25 is a small technology drive lander with a limited payload, which will target a high latitude landing side in the southern hemisphere on the near side.
Luna-26 will be a polar orbiting spacecraft which will operate from one year at 100 – 150 km and then for 2 years at 500 – 700km altitude, providing communications relay capabilities for missions which follow.
Luna-27 is a larger lander with an enhanced payload capability. The mission will have near polar landing site in the southern hemisphere, targeting frozen volatiles in the sub surface.
The selected payloads of the three missions are listed in the below tables.
|Active neutron and gamma-ray analysis of regolith |
|Analytic complex |
|Chromatographic and mass spectroscopy analysis of volatiles content and chemical composition |
|IKI+ U. of Bern |
|Measurements of plasma of exosphere |
|Laser mass-spectrometer |
|IKI+ U. of Bern |
|IR spectrometry of minerals and TV imaging |
|Measurements of plasma and neutrals |
|IKI+ ISP (Sweden) |
|Measurements of dust and micrometeorites |
|Radio signal with very high stability |
|Radio measurements of thermal property of regolith |
|Measurements of seismic activity |
|UV and optical imaging of minerals with UV excitation |
|Measurements of thermal properties of regolith |
|TV imaging of panoramas and area near Lander |
|Laser Retro Reflector |
|Moon libration and Moon ranging experiments |
|NPO SPP |
Selected payloads on the Luna-27 lander